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Bison in Canada : Sightseeing of Bison & Species

Bison in Canada

Bison is a wild animal and has a huge body structure with some long shaggy hair on the body. It is considered the largest mammal resembling the Wild Ox and has exceptional features. The large head and huge body make their herds quite ferocious.

Their numbers reduced in the previous century but after their breedings, their specie regained number and inhabited the Canadian grasslands adding to the diversity of Canadian wildlife.

Physical Features of Bison

Features of Bison

They have large humps at the back along with the legs covered with long fur and a dark-brown coat on the skin. They have large heads with curved horns pointing in the upward direction. Here is a summary of the physical features of Bison:

Features Relevant Information
Scientific Name Bison Bison Athabascae
Life Span Average is 10-20 years 
Diet Grasses and Sedges along with lichens
Height Average height can be around 2 – 3.5 meters
Average Weight Average weight is about 400 – 1000 kg
Habitat Deep forests and meadows
Species 2 subspecies in Canada
Other Names Buffalo and Ox

Interesting Facts About Bison in Canada

Facts About Bison in Canada

When you are to see this huge animal, you must know certain facts about them to make your visit fascinating. Here are some of these interesting facts:

  • Iconic Species

    The bison is one of the largest land mammals in North America and an iconic species in Canada.
  • Recovered After Extinction

    Bison were once nearly extinct in Canada, with fewer than 1,000 individuals remaining in the late 19th century due to overhunting.
  • Dominant Senses

    Bison have excellent senses of smell and hearing, but their eyesight is relatively poor.
  • Movement in Large Herds

    Bison are social animals and live in herds, with dominant bulls leading the group and protecting the females and calves.
  • Unique Way of Communication

    They have a unique grunting sound, which they use to communicate with other members of the herd.
  • Integral Part of Canadian Culture

    These species have been an important part of many Indigenous cultures in Canada, providing food, clothing, and other resources.
  • Meet Provides Alternative to Beef

    Bison meat is leaner and higher in protein than beef and is considered a healthy alternative by many Canadians.

Sub-species of Bison in Canada

Two major subspecies of this animal inhabit Canada as well as the rest of the world and the major differences are there in the form of appearance.

  • Plain Bison

    These subspecies have large heads with small noses and clearly defined upper body shapes. They are found in temperate grasslands and shrublands where grasses, shrubs and are the dominant vegetation as compared to trees.
  • Woody Bison

    These subspecies have triangle heads with less-defined shoulders and bigger shoulder humps. They are abundant in boreal forests.

Sub-species of Bison in Canada

Sightseeing of Bison in Canada

Bison are herbivores and enjoy roaming around the meadows and forests where they can have plenty of grass and plants to eat.

Best Places to View Bison in Canada

Best Places to View Bison in Canada

The main cities where bison are found include the Alberta, Manitoba, Yukon, and Northwest territories.

National Parks

Some of the attractive places to view the Bison in the Canadian territory are national parks where they were moved to conserve their species. 

National Park City Located
Banff National Park Alberta
Wood Buffalo National Park Alberta and North-Western territory
Elk Island National Park Alberta
Grasslands National Park Saskatchewan
Prince Albert National Park Saskatchewan
Riding Mountain National Park Manitoba

Best Time to See Bison in Canada

Best Time to View Bison in Canada

Different sides of the country have different time frames during which bison can be seen and photographed more easily.

Territory of Country Months Ideal for Sightseeing
In Western Canada June to September
In Eastern Canada October to November


 Can You Hunt Bison in Canada? 

The hunting of bison in Canada is regulated by provincial/territorial governments. Limited hunting is allowed through draw systems and specific seasons. Policies aim for sustainable populations and responsible hunting practices. You can check with relevant authorities for up-to-date information and requirements.

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